What is it?
Common Name: Fenugreek , Methi, Alhova, Bird's Foot, Greek Clover, Greek Hay
Botanical name: Trigonella foenum-graecum
Parts Used: Seeds
Fenugreek, Trigonella foenum-graecum, is an herbaceous annual plant in the family Fabaceae grown for its leaves and seeds which are used as a herb or spice. The fenugreek plant may have a single stem or may be branched at the stem base. The plant has an erect growth habit and a strong, sweet aroma. The leaves of the plant are small and trifoliate with oval leaflets which are green to purple in color. The plant produces solitary pale white or purplish flowers and a straight or occasionally curved yellow pod which houses the seeds. Between 10 and 20 seeds are produced per pod and they are small, smooth and brown, each divided into two lobes. Fenugreek can reach a height of 60 cm (23.6 in) and as an annual, survives only one growing season. The origin of fenugreek is unknown but it is indigenous to the western Mediterranean.
Taste, bitter and peculiar, not unlike lovage or celery. Odour, similar.
What is in it?
Fenugreek Seeds powder are aromatic, bitter, carminative, galactogouge, antibacterial and may be eaten raw or cooked. Bulk of the seed is dietary fiber (50%) and protein (30%) both of which have no taste or flavor. Bitterness is mainly due to the oil, steroidal saponins and alkaloids. For 100 g of mature seeds, there is 30 g protein, 30 g (gel-forming) soluble fiber (15% galactomannan in the endosperm), 20 g insoluble fiber, 7.5 g lipids (6.3 g neutral- mainly triglycerides, 450 mg phospholipids- mainly phosphotidyl choline & phosphotidyl ethanolamine, 135 mg soluble lecithin), 2 g sapogenins (diosgenin, gitogenin, furastanol, yamogenin etc.), 160 mg Ca, 1.5 mg ionizable Fe (total Fe 14 mg), 370 mg phosphorous (phytin 157 mg), 19 mg Na, 530 mg K, 33 mg Cu, 100 mcg Cr, 1550 mg Mn, 160 mg Mg, 7 mg Zn, 16 mg S, 165 mg Cl, 50 mg choline, 380 mg trigonelline, traces of gentianine & carpaine, 43 mg ascorbic acid, 96 mcg carotene, 340 mcg thiamine, 290 mcg riboflavin, 1100 mcg nicotinic acid, 84 mcg folic acid of which 14.5 mcg is free folic acid and 120 U of heat-labile trypsin inhibitor.
How it will help you?
Fenugreek seeds are rich source of trigonelline, lysine and l-tryptophan. The seeds also contain a large amount of saponins and fibers that could account for many health benefits of fenugreek powder.
• Increases Breast Milk
• Reduces Cholesterol
• Prevents Diabetes
• Protects from Cancer
• Maintains healthy Testosterone Levels
• Aids Digestion
• Helps with Weight Loss
How to take?
Studies investigating the use of fenugreek in diabetes and cholesterol lowering have used 5 g/day of seeds powder